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Sea port infrastructure: hard to disentangle without being synchronous
By sgtt.com.vn, 29 Jul 2009

Thi Vai-Cai Mep deep-water Terminal Complex is in operation, opening  a New Sea Route to the World’s Navigation. In addition, it will change Transport Infrastructure in the Southeast and even in the South.

Theme 1: Calling New Sea Route

SGTT - Many shipping Agents are intended to allow series of ships to enter into operation although only two Thi Vai-Cai Mep deep water Terminals named SP – PSA and Tan Cang – Cai Mep are in operation in Stage 1.

Photo: Thuỳ Vân

OverseasShips’ Willingness

In addition to the shipping Agents named APL, MOL and Hanjin, whose ships have entered the above two Terminals, series of other significant shipping Agents are intended to provide their Vessels with a direct access to the US such as Zim Line, Hapag Lloyd, Maersk Line, MSC, K’line… However, SP – PSA and Tan Cang – Cai Mep, based upon the existing material sources, find it difficult to accommodate all these Vessels.

SP – PSA and Tan Cang – Cai Mep at the alternate bridge length of 600m and 300m allow one Vessel only to enter for cargoes at a moment, exclusive of reserving the location and the time of anchor for container barge from Ho Chi Minh city. These two Terminals’ average rate of loading and discharging is currently about 30 containers/hour/ship. Meanwhile, a shipping Agent supposes that the rate of an average Terminal of China named Yantian is doubled.

According to Mitsui O.S.K Lines (MOL), its scheme of using Cai Mep as a transit Terminal for some regional countries will be up to the rate of progress of contruction as well as the energy of loading and discharging .

In the period of 2006 – 2007 sharp economic development, series of container shipbuilding contracts were signed. In 2009, many container ships have been accomplished, launched but impossible to seek operation markets out of the world’s economic recession. Singapore Port – the world’s crowed and busy Port with a lot of container ships has to pay high anchor fee due to having no cargoes. In this circumstance, shipping Agents have considered Vietnam to be a fresh and prospective regional market. Thanks to it, they are in intention of allowing series of ships to enter Vietnam on the occasion of Thi Vai deep-water Terminal’s coming into being. A shipping Agent has revealed that suffering losses from allowing ships to enter into operation at this time, anyways, is still better than paying charges for anchor and mantainance.

CKYH Association Group consisting of COSCO, K’Line, Yangmi and Hanjin has just added Cai Mep Terminal into Asian maritime Line to North America. This Line will, in route, pass by Panana Canal to New York, Norfolk and Halifax in the Eastern bank of the US and Canada. Thus, Vessels from Cai Mep have connected with both the Western bank and Eastern bank of the US.

The anxiety of overloading

Along Thi Vai river bank are now coming out very many Ports. Besides the two deep-water Terminal named Tan Cang – Cai Mep and SP – PSA, series of specialized Ports, loose ship Ports such as PVC, LPG Port, Vung Tau Petro Port, Go Dau Ports, Phu My Port…have just been inaugurated, exclusive of a mass of deep-water Terminals in construction or in preparation of commencement such as SITV, CMIT, SSIT, Germalink, My Xuan, Cai Mep – Thi Vai Terminal (ODA capital)

According to Mr Pham Anh Tuan, the Project Director of Portcoast Consultant Corporation (Portcoast), the total capacity of container Terminals along Thi Vai river will attain about 9 million TEU at the date of operation. In 2008, there was 5,023 million TEU through Vietnam’s sea ports, of which ports in Ho Chi Minh, Dong Nai, Vung Tau took up approximately 70%. Therefore, at the rate of annual 20% growth of container cargoes, the capacity of 9 million TEU of Thi Vai river Terminal System is only sufficient until 2020 and a few years later on. Here mentions domestic cargoes only, exclusive of the ambition of operating transit cargoes of shipping Agents and port investors from countries.

Mr Do Van Minh, the Director General of Germadept Company, says that Thi Vai deep-water Terminal finds it impossible to take on many Vessels at the same time. Apart from Campuchia with the small number of cargoes, shipping Agents are now unable to receive transit cargoes from the regional countries. All post-accomplishment shipping Agents’ capacity is just sufficient for Vietnam’s cargoes

Vỹ Tân
(Translated Portcoast)

Next theme: The whole area waiting for opening to traffic


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